Learning that words have meaning and reading start at a very early age. For the sake of keeping this blog focused, I am choosing to write for a parent audience of certain types of readers.
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Here are the different stages of reading I will focus on:
*Notice that there are no grade levels attached. Every reader evolves at a different pace.
- Relies on the pictures to gather information about the story’s meaning.
- Understands that the actual message comes from the printed text.
- Realizes that the reader moves from left to right across the text.
- Points to words as they begin recognition.
- Locates words that s/he knows in text.
- Begins to develop phonemic awareness, an understanding that words are made up of a series of sounds.
- May still rely on pictures to gather information about the story’s meaning.
- Does not need to point to words unless a problem is encountered.
- Is developing a larger sight word vocabulary.
- Begins to notice errors and attempts to correct them.
- Is beginning to use more than one reading strategy.
- Begins to attend to punctuation and sometimes uses expression while reading.
- Relies less on pictures to gather information about the story’s meaning.
- Begins to use multiple strategies to problem solve unknown words.
- Is more consistent with noticing and correcting errors.
- Begins to increase vocabulary which allows them to focus more on meaning.
- Attends to punctuation and reads with phrasing and expression.
- Begins to take part in silent reading.
- Selects a variety of “just-right” texts for varying purposes.
- Uses multiple strategies to problem solve unknown words quickly.
- Corrects all significant errors quickly and by themselves.
- Reads a variety of genres such as fiction, non-fiction, fantasy, mystery, poetry, etc.
- Reads out loud with expression and at an appropriate rate.
- Reads silently a lot of the time.